• Royal Canine August2019 1
  • Royal Canine August2019 2


Focus archives


January 2019

Calf health: the good, the bad and the ugly
Hazell Mullins BVM BVS, Abbeyville Veterinary Hospital, Cork, presents three calf health-specific case studies, highlighting the good, the bad and the ugly of all three scenarios, as well as treatment plans and outcomes

February 2019

Investigating back pain in horses
Equine orthopaedic expert, Carolin Gerdes, provides a comprehensive overview of investigating back pain in horses, diagnostics and treatment options available

March 2019

Importance of trace elements in cattle fertility and productivity
With trace elements playing such a critical role in the fertility, productivity and welfare of dairy and beef cattle, it is vital that veterinarians proactively engage with their farming clients at this time of year. This helps to ensure nutritional requirements are factored into herd health management, and that appropriate diagnostics are taking place, writes Dr Renée Lodder BVSc BCom, technical veterinarian, Europe, Bimeda Animal Health Limited

The role of the vet and vaccination in BVD eradication
Significant strides have been made in controlling bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) infection since the national eradication programme was introduced with many questioning whether the need for BVD vaccination still exists. Suzanne Naughton MVB veterinary technical advisor, MSD Animal Health, seeks to answer this question

Stamping out digital dermatitis
Sara Pedersen BSc (Hons) BVetMed CertCHP DBR MRCVS, RCVS-recognised specialist in cattle health and production, explores the cycle of digital dermatitis infections and the ways to stamp it out

April 2019

A review of BVD TASAH investigations in 2018
Dr Maria Guelbenzu, BVD programme manager, Animal Health Ireland, provides an overview of the Targeted Advisory Service on Animal Health in 2018

Fertility: from conception to the cow
Suzanne Naughton, veterinary technical advisor, MSD Animal Health, looks at cow fertility including conception, fertility control methods and how management changes affecting foetus and heifer can impact on subsequent fertility

Musculoskeletal Scintigraphy in Horses
Claire Hawkes BVSc MSc CertES (soft tissue) Dip ECVS, Curragh Equine Diagnostics, Co. Kildare, discusses scintigraphy as a useful diagnostic tool for vets and its role in improving horse welfare

May 2019

Diagnosis and management of Feline diabetes – what's new?
Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease but a manifestation of various pathophysiological processes. David B Church BVSc PhD MACVSc MRCVS vice principal, The Royal Veterinary College, outlines these processes and looks at what has changed in their management over the last decade

Allergen immunotherapy in practice: a refresher
Kathryn Cuddy MVB CertAVP(VD) MRCVS Skinvet Ireland, Co. Cork provides a refresher course on the use of allergen immunotherapy in the treatment of canine atopic dermatitis

June 2019

Understanding and eradicating BVD
Every two years, the BVDzero Awards, sponsored by Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica GmbH, take place to encourage the search for both clinical and subclinical cases of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) in cattle herds, to increase the awareness of the disease and help to reduce its prevalence. The awards attract interest and submissions from across Europe. Here, we present an abstract of three Irish case studies submitted to these awards, that have contributed to greater understanding and awareness of the disease

Congenital Portosystemic shunts in dogs
In part one of a two-part series, Ronan A Mullins MVB DECVS, European specialist in small animal surgery and assistant professor of small animal surgery at University College Dublin, provides a comprehensive overview of congenital portosystemic shunts

New research reveals gaps in parasite prevention
Research commissioned by MSD Animal Health has revealed that most dog owners aren’t aware of the need for year-round treatment against fleas and ticks

Nutrition that goes beyond skin deep
The most common causes of skin problems are attributed to parasites such as fleas, ticks, lice and mites; environmental allergies; and adverse food reactions. Targeted nutrition can play a key role in supporting cats and dogs with any of these issues, writes Clare Hemmings Cert CFVHNut, Royal Canin

July 2019

Case study: Ocular the laziosis in a travelled dog
Theo de Waal PhD MRCVS, associate professor, School of Veterinary Medicine, UCD; Amanda Lawlor BAgrSc, senior technical officer, School of Veterinary Medicine, UCD; and Susan Roulston MVB MRCVS, present a case study on the discovery of eyeworm in a three-year-old dog, and subsequent treatment of thelaziosis

Canine Portostysemic Shunts: Part 2
Ronan A Mullins MVB DECVS, European specialist in small animal surgery and assistant professor of small animal surgery at University College Dublin, provides his second instalment of a comprehensive overview of congenital portosystemic shunts

July 2019

Managing chronic pododermatitis
Dr Tim Nuttall, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, discusses the causes, diagnosis and treatment of chronic interdigital furunculosis or pododermatitis

Canine ophthalmic emergencies
Ocular emergencies can be daunting as they require rapid assessment and diagnosis. Treatment needs to be timely, appropriate and often aggressive to provide relief of pain and potentially save vision and the globe. In part one of this article, Natasha Mitchell MVB DVOphthal MRCVS, reviews globe proptosis, glaucoma, lens luxation and sudden onset blindness

African swine fever: the need for increased vigilance
African swine fever (ASF) is a haemorrhagic disease of pigs that has a devastating impact on affected animals, often with mortality rates of 95-100%. The disease is spreading across the world and, within the last two years alone, ASF has spread to nine previously unaffected countries in Europe and Asia resulting in devastating losses for the pig industries there. The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) provides a comprehensive overview of the virus and advises on the real need for vigilance


January 2018

Bloat in young calves
Cases of bloat in calves, including a condition found in both dairy and beef herds, have increased in recent years in both the UK and Ireland and around the world. Dr Jessica Cooke BSc PhD, Volac, Hertfordshire, UK, discusses how bloat can affect the abomasum

Knowledge Transfer – supporting calf health on Irish farms?
Elizabeth A Lane MVB PhD DiplECAR PGCAP, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Backweston Campus, Co Kildare discusses knowledge transfer in terms of calf health on Irish farms, in a follow-up article to last month’s Knowledge Transfer – do the numbers reflect fertility?

February 2018

Pregnancy optimisation using frozen semen - VIEW
Andrea Ryan MVB CertEM (StudMed), Kilcash Equine Clinic, Kilcash, Clonmel, Co Tipperary outlines how to optimise pregnancy rates in mares using frozen semen

When should I refer my neonate? - VIEW
There are no hard and fast rules for referral as many factors will influence whether an individual animal is referred, writes Kevin TT Corley BVM&S PhD DECEIM DACVIM DACVECC MRCVS, Veterinary Advances Ltd, Co Kildare

Lameness or neurological disease?
Martin Furr DVM Dipl ACVIM PhD MA Ed, Specialist in Equine Internal Medicine, Oklahoma State University, US, outlines how to differentiate between lameness and neurological diseases

March 2018

Dry-period management: key to success of the dairy herd
Perspectives on dry-period management are outlined by John Cook BVSc DCHP MRCVS RCVS-recognised specialist in cattle health and production, Yew Tree House, Cumbria, UK

Postpartum discharges: myths and reality
John Cook BVSc DCHP MRCVS, RCVS-recognised specialist in cattle health and production, Yew Tree House, Cumbria, UK, discusses the presence of postpartum discharges in dairy cows

April 2018

What’s new in canine atopic dermatitis?
Kathryn Cuddy MVB CertAVP(VD) MRCVS, of Skinvet Ireland, provides an overview of the international guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of atopic dermatitis

Johne’s disease control – are there lessons we can learn from the UK?
What can we learn from progress with Johne’s disease control in the UK which would benefit Ireland, asks Peter Orpin, director, Myhealthyherd.com, Park Veterinary Group; and Dick Sibley, director, Myhealthyherd.com, West Ridge Veterinary Practice, UK

European Association of Establishments for Veterinary Education: 2015-2020 strategic plan review
Deirdre Campion MVB PhD MRCVS, associate professor, veterinary biosciences and veterinary pharmacology, University College Dublin’s School of Veterinary Medicine, outlines the EAEVE’S 2015-2020 strategic plan and what it means for the Irish veterinary practitioner

May 2018

Case report: ocular presentation of lymphoma
Animal Care Hospital, Douglas, Cork, outlines the clinical signs, investigations and diagnosis of ocular lymphoma in dogs

Infective endocarditis in the companion animalInfective endocarditis in the companion animal
Lisa A Murphy DVM DACVECC, staff criticalist, Veterinary Speciality Centre of Delaware, US; and Reid K Nakamura DVM DACVECC DACVIM (Cardiology), cardiologist, Veterinary Speciality and Emergency Centre, California, US, provide a review of endocarditis in small animal patients

June 2018

The role of pork in human infections
Andrea I Estevez-Garcia DVM PhD and her international team present research on hepatitis E viruses as emerging pathogen in Latin America and developed countries

Pet probiotics
Keelan McNamara BSc, research and development scientist, AnaBio Technologies, discusses the benefits of the growing pet-probiotic market

Corneal disease and treatment
Mike Woods MVB Cert V Ophthal MRCVS, Primrose Hill Ophthalmology Referral Centre, Dun Laoghaire, provides a synopsis of a practical guide to corneal disease as presented at the VICAS Annual Conference 2018

July 2018

A research update from the UCD School of Veterinary Medicine
The team at University College Dublin's School of Veterinary Medicine present an update on the new research developments taking place within the School

Successful management of otitis externa
General approach to chronic or recurrent otitis and the best management steps are discussed by Tom Nuttall BSc BVSc CertVD PhD CBiol MSB MRCVS, RCVS specialist in veterinary dermatology, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies in Edinburgh, Scotland

Ocular emergencies
Ocular emergencies can be daunting as they require rapid assessment, diagnosis and treatment, writes Natasha Mitchell MVB DVOphthal MRCVS, recognised specialist
in veterinary ophthalmology, Eye Vet, Limerick

August 2018

EPIC change to the management of mitral valve disease
An EPIC change to the management of canine mitral valve disease is discussed by Jenny Wilshaw BVetMed MRCVS, PhD Student, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK

Subcutaneous ureteral bypass: is your patient a candidate?
Laura Cuddy MVB MS DACVS-SA DECVS DACVSMR DECVSMR MRCVS, specialist in small animal surgery and sports medicine and rehabilitation, Veterinary Specialists, Co Meath, reviews this novel treatment for ureteral obstruction

September 2018

Case report: feline acromegaly
Roisin O’Mahony MVB MRCVS Cert AVP (SAM) GPCERT SAM ESVPS, Animal Care Hospital, Douglas, reports on the possibility of acromegaly as a cause of diabetes mellitus in cats

Update on infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Dr Maria Guelbenzu, programme manager for bovine viral diarrhoea and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, Animal Health Ireland, reports on diagnosis and treatment of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, as well as a new pilot eradication programme that has been established

October 2018

Case reports: neurology at NOAH
Dr William McCartney MVB Dipl ECVS DSAS (Orth) PhD C Eng MIMECHE FRCVS (RCVS, ECVS and VCI-recognised), North Dublin Orthopaedic Animal Hospital (NOAH), reports on two neurology cases presented to its specialist centre in Baldoyle

The added value of a One Health approach
Companion animal vets play a vital role in the One Health movement, according to Eithne Leahy DVM BA MSc, who writes about this movement in the context of companion animal practice

November 2018

AMR – a challenge to vets, farmers and herd health
At CAVI 2018, Donal Lynch MVB Cert DHH, from Donal Lynch Veterinary Practice and XL Vets, hosted a session on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the challenges it poses to veterinary practitioners and farmers. In this article, Donal revisits this most serious topic and the impact of AMR on herd health

Vets urged to play their part during World Antibiotic Awareness Week
November 12-18 is World Antibiotic Awareness Week and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is calling on vets to handle and administer antibiotics with care

Influenza D virus in cattle
Research was conducted this year at the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Department of Agriculture, Food, and Marine Laboratory Services to determine whether influenza D virus was present in cattle in Ireland and to investigate epidemiologic factors that might be related to this virus. Orla Flynn, a scientist at the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, outlines the process and outcomes

Integrative equine sports medicine
Sinead Devine MVB cVMA, certified animal chiropractor and assistant professor in Equine Clinical Studies, University College Dublin examines the increased use of complementary and alternative methods to manage lameness conditions in equines and decrease the risk of re-injury

December 2018

The many costs of heifer mastitis
Heifer mastitis can be a significant problem for some herds, threatening production and udder health in the first and subsequent lactations. Catherine McAloon, University College Dublin School of Veterinary Medicine and member of Animal Health Ireland’s CellCheck Technical Working Group, explores the many costs associated with heifer herd mastitis

A national animal welfare strategy for Ireland
The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) is the lead Government department on policy matters that relate to the welfare of animals. Recently, the DAFM announced a public consultation on its intention to develop a national strategy to guide its approach to animal welfare over the next five years, writes Martin Blake, chief veterinary officer at the DAFM


March 2017

Change to EBI base means refocusing of genetic targets
George Ramsbottom, dairy specialist, Teagasc Oak Park, discusses the Economic Breeding Index and how its changes will affect the breeding targets for Irish dairy herds

Herd health challenges in springtime
Eoin Ryan MVB MVM DipECBHM, assistant professor in farm animal clinical studies, University College Dublin and European specialist in bovine health management, writes that is imperative that farm animal veterinarians respond to meet the herd health demand at springtime

Periparturient immune suppression in dairy cows
Niall Jackson MVB MSc, ruminant technical consultant – Ireland, Elanco Animal Health, outlines how to maintain dairy cow health during the critical early lactation period

Beef cow research programme
Assessing the impact of infectious diseases on key reproductive and health traits in Irish suckler beef herds, is outlined by Dr Mervyn Parr BAgrSc PhD and Professor David Kenny BAgrSc PhD DipStat DipMolMed DipLeadDev, Teagasc, Animal and Grassland, Research and Innovation Centre (AGRIC), Grange, Co Meath; and Damien Barrett MVB MVM MSc Cert CHP DipECBHM, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Backweston, Celbridge, Co Kildare

April 2017

Diagnostic techniques in two rare canine conditions
Aideen Moore MVB GpDI, locum for the Pet Emergency Hospital, The Irish Blue Cross and Villages Vets, Argyle and Bainbridge, Co Dublin, outlines a case report featuring two rare conditions – perinephric cyst associated with a ureteral fibroepithelial polyp and suspected subclinical chronic pancreatitis in a dog

Stem cell therapy
Dr William McCartney MVB Dipl ECVS DSAS (Orth) PhD MRCVS RCVS VCI and ECVS recognised specialist, North Orthopaedic Animal Hospital, Dublin, discusses mesenchymal stem cells and their role in successful stem cell therapy

UCD Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories: an overview
The Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories are an integral part of the UCD Veterinary Hospital with their primary role to support the clinical teaching of the School of Veterinary Medicine, writes Dr Bryan Markey MVB PhD MRCVS, associate professor of veterinary microbiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin

May 2017

Canine diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a common endocrinopathy in dogs and can be a frustrating disease to manage, both for the owner and the veterinarian, write Sivert Nerhagen DVM and Carmel T Mooney MVB MPhil PhD, University College Dublin Veterinary Hospital

Introduction to monoclonal antibodies
Biological therapy is the latest area being explored to help improve the health and quality of life of companion animals, writes Lesley Hobson, veterinary manager, Zoetis

Nutraceutical support for dogs and cats with gastrointestinal problems
Dr Daniel Sinteoan DVM, veterinary technical support manager, Mervue Laboratories, provides an in-depth review on the symptoms, causes and treatment of gastrointestinal problems in companion animals

Importance of cattle productivity and national performance in a greener environment
Cara Sheridan MVB MRCVS Cert DHH, vet adviser, MSD Animal Health, discusses the impact of controlling cattle diseases on national cattle productivity, performance and greenhouse gas emissions

Vaccination in the eradication of bovine viral diarrhoea
Niall Jackson MVB MSc, Ruminant Technical Consultant – Ireland, Elanco Animal
Health Ireland, outlines the role of vaccination as we move towards eradication of bovine viral diarrhoea

Practical guidance in providing advice on farm-specific parasite control
Rebecca Carroll, programme manager, Beef HealthCheck Programme, Animal Health Ireland (AHI), discusses a new leaflet developed by the AHI’s Parasite Control Technical Working Group, which provides a framework for veterinary practitioners drawing up a parasite-control plan

June 2017

Agri-science: the next generation
Following his highly commended entry at this year’s BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition, second-year student, Niall Lyons, spoke to the Veterinary Ireland Journal about his project submission on the science behind milk proteins

Health Products Regulatory Authority: veterinary medicines report
Lisa Woods BSc, scientific officer and Michael McDonald PhD, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Health Products Regulatory Authority, Dublin, discuss suspected adverse event reports of veterinary medicinal products in the 2015-2016 period

University College Dublin’s Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis
Simon More, professor of epidemiology and risk analysis, University College Dublin’s School of Veterinary Medicine, outlines what the Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis does and how the centre provides scientific advice in support of national policy decision-making on a broad range of issues relating to animal health and welfare

BCF install first new GE Revolution ACT computing tomography system
Dragon Veterinary Centre in Cheltenham is the first veterinary practice to install the latest GE digital computed tomography scanner from BCF Technology

July 2017

Spay/neuter – what’s the evidence?
Should we still be routinely recommending gonadectomy in all of our patients, asks Laura C Cuddy MVB MS DACVS-SA DECVS DACVSMR MRCVS, specialist in small animal surgery, sports medicine and rehabilitation, Veterinary Specialists, Summerhill, Co Meath

A complete nutritional approach to dermatosis
John O’Connor MVB MRCVS Cert Mgmt (Open), veterinary marketing manager, ROYAL CANIN discusses the importance of healthy nutrition when treating dermatosis in companion animals

Case report: diagnosis complications in an English Bulldog
Tom Mullany MVB Cert VC MRCVS, Nutgrove Veterinary Hospital, Rathfarnham and Louise O’Leary MVB, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University College Dublin, present a case report on the peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia complicating the diagnosis of additional congenital defects in a young English Bulldog

August 2017

Weight management for the whole practice
Being overweight can lead to pets becoming uncomfortable and less able to play and exercise. It may also cause or exacerbate other diseases such as osteoarthritis, diabetes mellitus and neoplasia. If not addressed, obesity can lead to a shortened lifespan and also affect an animal’s quality of life, writes Shelley Holden RVN CertSAN, Royal Canin weight management specialist

Vets urged to look out for lungworm
Research indicates that nearly three-quarters of Irish and UK vets (74%) have experienced a case of lungworm in their practice, or have heard of a case occurring locally, in the past 12 months. A new campaign is urging vets to encourage monthly lungworm preventative treatment and avoid the tragedy of losing an animal, as this update from Bayer outlines

September 2017

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
The future control of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis in Ireland is outlined by Joanne Cregg, technical adviser – Ruminant Division, MSD Animal Health

Effective liver-fluke control
As liver fluke continues to be a threat to livestock farmers across the country, Matthew Colston, ruminant technical consultant veterinary surgeon, Elanco Animal Health, outlines a four-pronged approach to effective control

Rebecca Carroll, programme manager, Beef HealthCheck Programme, Animal Health Ireland, and member of the Animal Health Ireland Parasite Control Technical Working Group, discusses the tick-borne disease, Bovine babesiosis, more commonly known as redwater

Industry Q&A
With over 47 years’ experience in Ireland’s agri-industry, Mike Magan, chairman, Animal Health Ireland, and dairy farmer, discusses herd-health challenges and the unique symbiotic relationship between vets and farmers with Shauna Rahman

October 2017

Antimicrobial resistance – an update
Dr Gabriel J Beechinor, director of veterinary sciences, Health Products Regulatory Authority (HPRA) provides an update on European developments to control antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

Paramphistomum spp in Irish livestock
A previously unidentified Paramphistomum spp, has now been identified in sheep flocks and deer herds; Sharon Magnier, ruminant technical adviser, MSD Animal Health, looks at the impact this will have in Irish livestock

Importance of Lignocaine in farm-animal practice
Brendan Smyth, chair of Veterinary Ireland’s animal welfare committee, discusses Lignocaine, its importance in farm-animal practice, and Veterinary Ireland's efforts to ensure that it is made available again to the farm-animal practitioner

November 2017

Management of the isolation unit when nursing a foal with rotavirus
The isolation centre is an area of the equine hospital that requires strict management in order to maintain biosecurity, writes Michelle McDonald RVN, veterinary nurse, Active VetCare

Cyathostomins: disease, resistance, control and new diagnostics
Nikki Walshe, equine clinician and lecturer in equine clinical studies in University College Dublin, outlines the presentation and management of the equine intestinal parasite, cyathostomins

December 2017

Mastitis control: an ongoing and evolving challenge
Despite the widespread implementation of mastitis control strategies, mastitis remains a major challenge to the worldwide dairy industry, writes Alistair Couper BVMS MRCVS, technical and marketing manager, ruminant, Hipra UK & Ireland

Pre-season training
Tommy Heffernan MVB gradcertDHH, Nuffield International Farming Scholarship award recipient, outlines why the drying-off period is so important

Teat sealants before calving
The administration of internal teat sealant to in-calf heifers before calving is discussed by Niamh Ryan MVB, formerly AGRIC, Jimmy Flynn, Noel Byrne, Sinead McParland, AGRIC, Teagasc, Moorepark; and Seán Arkins, University of Limerick

Knowledge Transfer – do the numbers reflect fertility?
Elizabeth A Lane MVB PhD Dipl ECAR PGCAP, superintending veterinary inspector, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Backweston Campus, Co Kildare, outlines the Knowledge Transfer programme